The changing climate can have significant effects on the way you grow plants and trees. The effects are not all pleasant and could have far-reaching repercussions on your garden and precious plants. For home gardeners, climate change affects seasonal patterns, lengthening summers, and shortening springs.
Failure of Some Plants
Some plants are now failing because of too much heat and insufficient time for cooling period in winter. Rainfall has become extreme and warm periods are encouraging growth of plant pests. Native plants, furthermore, are threatened by changes in temperature and amount of rainfall. This makes it even more important to follow sustainable practices and choose quality gardening products and supplies.
Heat Stress and Excessive Rainfall
Too much heat in the summer can also hurt or damage even warm-weather plants, causing them to stop producing healthy fruits and flowers. Projections regarding climate change are also alarming, favouring longer droughts and heavier rains, which can cause more floods, including combinations of both temperature extremes.
Surge of New Plant Pests
There is a possible surge of new and existing organisms, which could be potential pests that may invade your garden. Warmer temperatures may bring new disease problems for gardeners, as the changing climate is creating a favourable condition for the spread of plant pests. According to the Royal Horticultural Society, climate controls the length of breeding cycles, foraging times, and overwintering success.
Changing Gardening Habits
The UK Environmental Minister encourages everyone to change plant choice, garden design, and water usage. This only means changing everything in the way you garden. Sustainable gardening practices such as adding organic matter for better soil moisture retention is recommended. Other practices include planting in fall or early spring or choosing trees and shrubs that do well in many temperature zones.
It is important to choose plants carefully or work with your garden environment. You can use damp-loving or drought-tolerant plants, for instance, suited to the conditions of the garden. Also, make sure to prepare soil thoroughly by adding organic matter or grit to maximise drainage.